The State of Gujarat; situated on the western coast of India; is mainly arid and semi arid and its vast coastal areas are saline, which is characterised by support low productivity, low regeneration capacity and are highly susceptible to ecological disturbances. Its growing population with aspirations for further development has chosen the route of industrialisation. Low productivity, sensitive ecosystems and higher rate of industrialisation has adverse impact on the sustainability of lively hood and development of people of Gujarat. The environment and ecosystems of Gujarat have already started showing signs of stress in terms of depleting ground water, ingress of salinity, depletion biological diversity, including species loss, heavy soil erosion, desertification etc. The onus of maintaining environmental balance and restoration of ecosystems by recharging ground water, preventing salinity ingress, conserving biological diversity, soil conservation etc, is more on forestry sector and therefore, the forestry practices in forest lands and protected areas of Gujarat should be more conservation oriented. Material needs of people should be met mainly by increasing productivity of non forest areas through social/ community forestry.